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Integrated Arrival, Departure, and Surface Operations (IADS)

This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

* An asterisk denotes an award-winning publication



Amblard, A., Youlton, S., and Coupe, W.J., "Real-time Unimpeded Taxi Out Machine Learning Service," AIAA Aviation 2021 Forum, Virtual Event, 2-6 August 2021.
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Aponso, B., Coppenbarger, R., Jung, Y., Quon, L., Lohr, G., O'Connor, N., and Engelland, S., "Identifying Key Issues and Potential Solutions for Integrated Arrival, Departure, Surface Operations by Surveying Stakeholder Preferences," 2015 AIAA Aviation Forum, Dallas, TX, 22-26 June 2015.
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Bhadoria, D. and Coupe, W.J., "ATD-2 Benefits Mechanism," 17 Aug. 2021
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Bhadoria, D., Coupe, W.J., Jung, Y., McCreary, J., and Schriner, K., "Analysis of Impacts of Terminal Restrictions on Departures in D10 TRACON," AIAA Aviation 2021 Forum, Virtual Event, 2-6 August 2021.
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Callantine, T., Staudenmeier, R., Stevens, L., Coupe, W., and Churchill, A., "Electronic Departure Approval Requests in ATD-2 Daily Operations," 2019 AIAA Aviation Forum, AIAA Aviation Technnology, Integration, and Operations Conference, Dallas, TX, 17-21 June 2019.
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Chevalley, E., Juro, G., Bakowski, D., Robeson, I., Chen, L., Coupe, W.J., Jung, Y., and Capps, R.A., "NASA ATD-2 Trajectory Option Set Prototype Capability For Rerouting Departures in Metroplex Airspace," 39th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Virtual Event, 11-16 Oct. 2020.
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Churchill, A., Coupe, W.J., and Jung, Y.C., "Predicting Arrival and Departure Runway Assignments with Machine Learning," AIAA Aviation 2021 Forum, Virtual Event, 2-6 August 2021.
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Coppenbarger, R., Jung, Y., Kozon, T., Farrahi, A., Malik, W., Lee, H., Chevalley, E., and Kistler, M., "Benefit Opportunities for Integrated Surface and Airspace Departure Scheduling," 35th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Sacramento, CA, 25-29 Sep. 2016.
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Coupe, W., Bagasol, L., Chen, L., Lee, H., and Jung, Y., "A Data Driven Analysis of a Tactical Surface Scheduler," AIAA 2018-3666, 2018 AIAA Aviation Forum, AIAA Aviation Technnology, Integration, and Operations Conference, Atlanta, GA, 25-29 June 2018.
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Coupe, W., Jung, Y., Chen, L., and Robeson, I., "ATD-2 Phase 3 Scheduling in a Metroplex Environment Incorporating Trajectory Option Sets," Zelinski, S., "Operational Analysis of Vertiport Surface Topology," 39th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Virtual Event, 11-16 Oct. 2020.
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Coupe, W., Lee, H., Churchill, A., and Robeson, I., "Predicting Gate Conflicts at Charlotte Douglas International Airport Using NASA ATD-2 Fused Data Sources," Zelinski, S., "Operational Analysis of Vertiport Surface Topology," 39th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Virtual Event, 11-16 Oct. 2020.
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Coupe, W.J., Lee, H., Jung, Y., Chen, L., and Robeson, I., "Scheduling Improvements Following the Phase 1 Field Evaluation of the ATD-2 Integrated Arrival, Departure, and Surface Concept," 13th USA/Europe ATM R&D Seminar (ATM2019), Vienna, Austria, 17-21 June 2019.
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Coupe, W.J., Milutinovic, D., Malik, W., and Jung, Y., "A Mixed Integer Linear Program for Real-Time Computing the Optimal Push Back Time Windows," AIAA-2016-3751, 2016 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, Washington D.C., 13-17 June 2016.
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Coupe, W.J., Milutinovic, D., Malik, W., and Jung, Y., "A Mixed Integer Linear Programming Approach for Computing the Optimal Chance-Constrained Push Back Time Windows," AIAA-2016-3752, 2016 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, Washington D.C., 13-17 June 2016.
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Coupe, W.J., Milutinovic, D., Malik, W., and Jung, Y., "A Data Driven Approach for Characterization of Ramp Area Push Back and Ramp-Taxi Processes," AIAA-2016-3899, 2016 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, Washington D.C., 13-17 June 2016.
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Dulchinos, V., "Evaluation of Usability and Workload Associated with Paper Strips as Compared to Virtual Flight Strips Used for Ramp Operations," 9th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Orlando, FL, 21-25 July 2018.
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Eun, Y., Jeon, D., Kim, H., Jung, Y., Lee, H., Zhu, Z., and Hosagrahara, V., "A Tactical Scheduler for Surface Metering under Minimum Departure Interval Restrictions," 38th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), San Diego, CA, 8-12 Sep. 2019.
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Eun, Y., Jeon, D., Lee, H., Jung, Y.C., Zhu, Z., Jeong, M., Kim, H., Oh, E., and Hong, S., "Optimization of Airport Surface Traffic: A Case-Study of Incheon International Airport," AIAA-2017-4258, 2017 AIAA Aviation Forum, 17th AIAA Aviation Technnology, Integration, and Operations Conference, Denver, CO, 5-9 June 2017.
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Eun, Y., Jeon, D., Lee, H., Zhu, Z., Jung, Y.C., Jeong, M., Kim, H., Oh, E., Hong, S., and Lee, J., "Operational Characteristics Identification and Simulation Model Validation for Incheon International Airport," AIAA-2016-3161, 2016 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, Washington D.C., 13-17 June 2016.
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Ging, A., Engelland, S., Capps, A., Eshow, M., Jung, Y., Sharma, S., Talebi, E., Downs, M., Freedman, C., Ngo, T., Sielski, H., Wang, E., Burke, J., Gorman, S., Phipps, B., and Morgan Ruszkowski, L., "Airspace Technology Demonstration 2 (ATD-2) Technology Description Document (TDD)," NASA/TM-2018-219767, 31 March 2018.
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Hayashi, M., and Dulchinos, V., "Cardiac-Activity Measures for Assessing Airport Ramp-Tower Controller's Workload," Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Conference, Washington, D.C., 19-23 Sep. 2016.
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Idris, H., Shen, N., Saraf, A., Bertino, J., and Zelinski, S., "Comparison of Different Control Schemes for Strategic Departure Metering," 35th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Sacramento, CA, 25-29 Sep. 2016.
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Jung, Y., Coupe, W.J., Capps, A., Engelland, S., and Sharma, S., "Field Evaluation of the Baseline Integrated Arrival, Departure, and Surface Capabilities at Charlotte Douglas International Airport," 13th USA/Europe ATM R&D Seminar (ATM2019), Vienna, Austria, 17-21 June 2019.
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Jung, Y., Engelland, S., Capps, A., Coppenbarger, R., Hooey, B., Sharma, S., Stevens, L., Verma, S., Lohr, G., Chevalley, E., Dulchinos, V., Malik, W., and Morgan Ruszkowski, L., "Airspace Technology Demonstration 2 (ATD-2) Phase 1 Concept of Use (ConUse), NASA/TM-2018-219770," 28 Feb. 2018
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Khater, S., Rebollo, J., Coupe, W.J., "A Recursive Multi-step Machine Learning Approach for Airport Configuration Prediction," AIAA Aviation 2021 Forum, Virtual Event, 2-6 August 2021.
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Lee, H., Coupe, W., and Jung, Y., "Prediction of Pushback Times and Ramp Taxi Times for Departures at Charlotte Airport," 2019 AIAA Aviation Forum, AIAA Aviation Technnology, Integration, and Operations Conference, Dallas, TX, 17-21 June 2019.
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Lee, H., Coupe, W., Jung, Y., Stevens, L., Parke, B., and Bakowski, D., "Objective Measurement Assessment of Departure Advisories for Ramp Controllers from a Human-in-the-Loop Simulation," 2020 AIAA Aviation Forum, Virtual Event, 15-19 June 2020.
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Lee, H., Jung, Y., Zelinski, S., Zhu, Z., and Hosagrahara, V., "Fast-Time Simulation for Evaluating the Impact of Estimated Flight Ready Time Uncertainty on Surface Metering," 38th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), San Diego, CA, 8-12 Sep. 2019.*
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Lee, H., Malik, W., and Jung, Y.C., "Taxi-Out Time Prediction for Departures at Charlotte Airport Using Machine Learning Techniques," AIAA-2016-3910, 2016 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, Washington D.C., 13-17 June 2016.
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Malik, W.A., and Jung, Y.C., "Exact and Heuristic Algorithms for Runway Scheduling," AIAA-2016-4072, 2016 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, Washington D.C., 13-17 June 2016.
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Malik, W.A., Lee, H., and Jung, Y.C., "Runway Scheduling for Charlotte Douglas International Airport," AIAA-2016-4073, 2016 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, Washington D.C., 13-17 June 2016.
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Okuniek, N., Gerdes, I., Jakobi, J., Ludwig, T., Hooey, B., Foyle, D., Jung, Y., and Zhu, Z., "A Concept of Operations for Trajectory-Based Taxi Operations," 16th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 13-17 June 2016.
+ Final version available from the publisher

Okuniek, N., Jung, Y.C., Gerdes, I., Zhu, Z., Gridnev, S., and Lee, H., "Performance Evaluation of Conflict-Free Trajectory Taxiing in Airport Ramp Area Using Fast-Time Simulations," 37th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 23-27 Sep. 2018.*
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Park, B., Lee, H., Lee, H.-T., Eun, Y., Jeon, D., Zhu, Z., Lee, H., Jung, Y., "Comparison of First-Come First-Served and Optimization Based Scheduling Algorithms for Integrated Departure and Arrival Management," AIAA 2018-3842, 2018 AIAA Aviation Forum, AIAA Aviation Technnology, Integration, and Operations Conference, Atlanta, GA, 25-29 June 2018.
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Parke, B., Bakowski, D., Jung, Y., Lee, H., and Coupe, W., "Human Factors Impact of Different Ramp Controller Scheduling Advisories for ATD-2 Surface Metering in a Human-in-the-Loop Simulation," AIAA Aviation 2020 Forum, Virtual Event, 15-19 June 2020.
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Parke, B., Bakowski, D., Verma, S., Chevalley, E., Jung, Y., Martin, L., Jobe, K., and Stevens, L., "Impact of ATD-2 Tools on Human Factor Metrics at Charlotte Douglas International Airport," 39th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Virtual Event, 11-16 Oct. 2020.
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Parke, B., Jobe, K., Chevalley, E., Verma, S., Dulchinos, V., and Stevens, L., "Impact of Data Exchange Provided by ATD2 Tools at Charlotte-Douglas International Airport," 9th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Orlando, FL, 21-25 July 2018.
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Parke, B., Stevens, L., Coupe, W., Lee, H., Jung, Y., Bakowski, D., and Jobe, K., "Alternatives for Scheduling Departures for Efficient Surface Metering in ATD-2: Exploration in a Human-in-the-Loop Simulation", Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) 2019, Washington, DC, July 24-28, 2019.
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Roach, K., and Null, J., "Methods for Determining Aircraft Surface State at Lesser-Equipped Airports," AIAA-2016-3750, 2016 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, Washington D.C., 13-17 June 2016.
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Robeson, I., Coupe, W., Lee, H., Jung, Y., Bagasol, L., Chen, L., Staudenmeier, B., and Slattery, P., "Strategic Surface Metering at Charlotte Douglas International Airport," Zelinski, S., "Operational Analysis of Vertiport Surface Topology," 39th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Virtual Event, 11-16 Oct. 2020.
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Saraf, A., Popish, M., Sui, V., Luch, N., Rose, M., Levy, B., Cardillo, J., Balakrishnan, H., Badrinath, S., and Coppenbarger, R., "Simulation-based Benefits and Costs Assessment of NASA's Airspace Technology Demonstration-2," 37th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 23-27 Sep. 2018.
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Serhan, D., Lee, H., and Yoon, S.W., "Minimizing airline and passenger delay cost in airport surface and terminal airspace operations," Journal of Air Transport Management, Vol. 73, pp. 120-133, 1 Oct. 2018.
+ Link to final article from the publisher

Sharma, S., Capps, A., Engelland, S., and Jung, Y., "Operational Impact of the Baseline Integrated Arrival, Departure, and Surface System Field Demonstration," 37th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 23-27 Sep. 2018.
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Sharma, S., and Fergus, J., "Real Time Metrics and Analysis of Integrated Arrival, Departure, and Surface Operations," AIAA-2017-3774, 2017 AIAA Aviation Forum, 17th AIAA Aviation Technnology, Integration, and Operations Conference, Denver, CO, 5-9 June 2017.
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Stevens, L., Callantine, T.J., and Staudenmeier, R., "Evolution of Electronic Approval Request Procedures at Charlotte Douglas International Airport," 37th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 23-27 Sep. 2018.
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Stevens, L., Martin, L., Jobe, K., Parke, B., Chevalley, E., Lee, H., Verma, S., and Dulchinos, V., "Evaluation of Approval Request/Call for Release Coordination Procedures for Charlotte Douglas International Airport," 36th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 17 Sep. 2017.
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Talebi, E., Ging, A., Engelland, S., Capps, A., Jung, Y., Sharma, S., Downs, M., Freedman, C., Ngo, T., Sielski, H., Wang, E., Burke, J., Gorman, S., Phipps, B., Robeson, I., Wilson, S., Eshow, M., and Morgan Ruszkowski, L., “Airspace Technology Demonstration 2 (ATD-2) Phase 2 Technology Description Document (TDD)”, NASA/TM-2019-220355, September 2019.
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Verma, S., Lee, H., Martin, L, Stevens, L, Jung, Y., Dulchinos, V., Chevalley, E., Jobe, K., and Parke, B., "Evaluation of a Tactical Surface Metering Tool for Charlotte Douglas International Airport via Human-in-the-Loop Simulation," 36th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 17 Sep. 2017.
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Verma, S., Coupe, W.J., Lee, H., Robeson, I., Jung, Y., Sharma, S., Dulchinos, V., and Stevens, L., "Tactical Surface Metering Procedures and Information Needs for Charlotte Douglas International Airport," 9th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Orlando, FL, 21-25 July 2018.
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Wesely, D., Churchill, A., Slough, J., and Coupe, W.J., "A Machine Learning Approach to Predict Aircraft Landing Times using Mediated Predictions from Existing Systems," AIAA Aviation 2021 Forum, Virtual Event, 2-6 August 2021.
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Zelinski, S., and Jung, J.,"Arrival Scheduling with Shortcut Path Options and Mixed Aircraft Performance," 10th USA/Europe ATM R&D Seminar (ATM2015), Lisbon, Portugal, 23-26 June 2015.
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Zelinski, S., and Windhorst, R., "Assessing Tactical Scheduling Options for Time-Based Departure Metering," 36th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 17 Sep. 2017.
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Zelinski, S., and Windhorst, R., "Departure Queue Prediction for Strategic and Tactical Surface Scheduler Integration," 35th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Sacramento, CA, 25-29 Sep. 2016.
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Zelinski, S., and Windhorst, R., "Modeling and Simulating Airport Surface Operations with Gate Conflicts," Royal Aeronautical Society Modeling and Simulation in Air Traffic Management Conference, London, United Kingdom, 14-15 Nov. 2017.
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Zelinski, S., and Windhorst, R., "Modelling and simulating airport surface operations with gate conflicts," The Aeronautical Journal, January 2019 Volume 123 No 1259, pp 1-19.
Final print version available from the publisher

Zhu, Z., Hosagrahara, V., Lee, H., Jung, Y., and Bakowski, D., "Impact of General Aviation Operations on Airport Performance Through Fast-Time Simulations at Charlotte Douglas International Airport," 2020 AIAA Aviation Forum, Virtual Event, 15-19 June 2020.
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Zhu, Z., Jung, Y., Eun, Y., Hosagrahara, V., Lee, H., and Jeon, D., "Modeling Deicing Operations in Departure Scheduling using Fast Time Simulation," 38th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), San Diego, CA, 8-12 Sep. 2019.
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Zhu, Z., Lee, H., Hosagrahara, V., and Jung, Y., "Investigating Effects of Controlled Flights through Fast-Time Simulation," 39th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Virtual Event, 11-16 Oct. 2020.
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Zhu, Z., Okuniek, N., Gerdes, I., Schier, S., Lee, H., and Jung, Y., "Performance Evaluation of the Approaches and Algorithms Using Hamburg Airport Operations," 35th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Sacramento, CA, 25-29 Sep. 2016.
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